Kuttanad, Kerala: The Venice of the East

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Nestled in the southern part of India, the picturesque region of Kuttanad Kerala has earned the moniker “The Venice of the East” due to its unique and enchanting landscape. Spread across the Alappuzha and Kottayam districts, Kuttanad is renowned for its stunning network of backwaters, lush paddy fields, and a way of life deeply intertwined with water. In this article, we will explore the mesmerizing charm of Kuttanad, the beauty of its backwaters, the significance of its paddy cultivation, and the distinctive culture that makes it a must-visit destination.

Geography and Topography:

Kuttanad kerala, situated in the southern part of Kerala, is a region characterized by its distinctive geography. It is a low-lying region, with its elevation varying between 0.6 meters (2 feet) below sea level to 2.2 meters (7 feet) above sea level. This unique topography makes Kuttanad one of the few places in the world where farming is carried out below sea level.

Kuttanad is bordered by the Arabian Sea on the west and interconnected by a network of rivers, lakes, and canals. The Vembanad Lake, the largest lake in the state, is the lifeline of Kuttanad and a central feature of the landscape. It not only serves as a source of livelihood but also provides a stunning backdrop for the region.

The Backwaters of Kuttanad kerala:

The backwaters of Kuttanad are the jewel in its crown. These serene waterways, with their tranquil ambiance and lush green surroundings, are a sight to behold. The backwaters cover an extensive area, winding their way through paddy fields, coconut groves, and small villages, offering a mesmerizing view of rural Kerala.

These traditional houseboats, known as “kettuvallams,” have been converted into floating accommodations. Tourists can enjoy a unique experience of cruising along the backwaters, relishing the tranquility and natural beauty that surrounds them. The gently swaying palm trees and the ripple of water beneath the boat create a soothing melody that makes it a perfect escape from the hustle and bustle of city life.

Paddy Cultivation in Kuttanad:

Kuttanad is often referred to as the “Rice Bowl of Kerala” because of its extensive paddy cultivation. The region is covered with vibrant green paddy fields that stretch as far as the eye can see. What makes Kuttanad’s paddy cultivation unique is that it takes place below sea level, making it an engineering marvel.

The cultivation of rice in Kuttanad kerala is a testament to the resourcefulness of its people. The fields are bordered by earthen embankments known as “bunds” to prevent saltwater from seeping in. The process of paddy farming is a combination of ancient and modern techniques, including traditional rice varieties and modern machinery. The entire region is divided into a system of “pokkali” fields, which are renowned for their saline-resistant rice varieties.

The rice fields of Kuttanad are a sight to behold, especially during the monsoon season when the entire landscape becomes a vast expanse of green, interspersed with water. The harmony between human ingenuity and nature’s bounty in these fields is a testament to sustainable agriculture practices.

Unique Lifestyle and Culture:

Kuttanad’s lifestyle and culture are deeply rooted in the region’s relationship with water. The people of Kuttanad lead a unique way of life, as they are entirely dependent on the backwaters for their livelihood. Traditional activities such as fishing and coir-making have been an integral part of the culture for generations.

Fishing in Kuttanad is not just an occupation but also a way of life. The region is known for its traditional Chinese fishing nets, locally known as “cheena vala.” These iconic nets dot the backwaters and are an essential part of Kuttanad’s fishing heritage. Visitors can often witness local fishermen skillfully operating these massive nets.

Coir, a versatile natural fiber derived from coconut husk, is another crucial aspect of Kuttanad kerala’s culture and economy. The coir industry thrives in the region, and it produces a wide range of products, including coir mats, ropes, and handicrafts. Coir extraction and weaving are intricate processes that have been passed down through generations.

Kuttanad is also known for its vibrant festivals, which are celebrated with great fervor. The annual boat races, especially the Nehru Trophy Boat Race, held on the Punnamada Lake, attract participants and spectators from all over the world. These races showcase the region’s close connection with water and offer a thrilling spectacle of rowing traditions and competition.

Conservation and Sustainability:

The fragile ecosystem of Kuttanad faces various challenges, including land subsidence, saltwater intrusion, and environmental degradation. The region’s unique geography makes it particularly susceptible to these issues. To preserve the ecological balance and cultural heritage of Kuttanad, there have been efforts to promote sustainable tourism and agricultural practices.

Organizations and government initiatives are working together to protect the fragile ecosystem of the backwaters. Sustainable farming practices, afforestation, and the preservation of indigenous rice varieties are essential steps in this direction. Conservation efforts aim to strike a balance between development and environmental protection.

Tourism and Kuttanad kerala:

Kuttanad has become a sought-after tourist destination for those seeking a tranquil escape amidst natural beauty. The backwaters, paddy fields, and cultural experiences draw visitors from all corners of the globe. There are various options for tourists to explore Kuttanad, including houseboat rides, canoe trips, and village tours.

Houseboat stays are a popular choice among tourists, as they offer a unique opportunity to experience life on the backwaters. These houseboats come in various sizes and are equipped with modern amenities, making them a comfortable and memorable way to explore Kuttanad.

Kuttanad also offers a range of accommodations, from boutique resorts to homestays, where visitors can immerse themselves in the local culture and enjoy the warmth and hospitality of the people.


Kuttanad Kerala, is a land of captivating beauty and unique cultural heritage. Its stunning backwaters, lush paddy fields, and close connection to water make it a destination unlike any other. The region’s distinctive lifestyle and culture, deeply intertwined with its geography, offer a glimpse into a way of life that has thrived for generations.

Kuttanad is not just a place to visit; it’s an experience that allows visitors to connect with nature, explore sustainable practices, and appreciate the richness of Kerala’s heritage. As conservation efforts continue to protect this delicate ecosystem, Kuttanad kerala’s allure as the “Venice of the East” is set to endure, attracting travellers seeking a tranquil and authentic Kerala experience.

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